Daily & Seasonal Sky Changes

Next Generation Standards

5-ESS1-2 - Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

Clarification Statement - Examples of patterns could include the position and motion of Earth with respect to the sun and selected stars that are visible only in particular months.

Assessment Boundary - Assessment does not include causes of seasons.

Massachusetts Standards

5-ESS1-2 - Use a model to communicate Earth’s relationship to the Sun, Moon, and other stars that explain (a) why people on Earth experience day and night, (b) patterns in daily changes in length and direction of shadows over a day, and (c) changes in the apparent position of the Sun, Moon, and stars at different times during a day, over a month, and over a year.

Clarification Statement - Models should illustrate that the Earth, Sun, and Moon are spheres; include orbits of the Earth around the Sun and of the Moon around Earth; and demonstrate Earth’s rotation about its axis.

Assessment Boundary - Causes of lunar phases or seasons, or use of Earth’s tilt are not expected in state assessment.

Unit & Lesson Plans

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Simulations & Investigations

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Additional Resources

5-ESS1-2 - Sun-Moon-Earth Model