Evidence from Rock Layers
Next Generation Standards
4-ESS1-1 - Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers for changes in a landscape over time to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.
Clarification Statement - Examples of evidence from patterns could include rock layers with marine shell fossils above rock layers with plant fossils and no shells, indicating a change from land to water over time; and, a canyon with different rock layers in the walls and a river in the bottom, indicating that over time a river cut through the rock.
Assessment Boundary - Assessment does not include specific knowledge of the mechanism of rock formation or memorization of specific rock formations and layers. Assessment is limited to relative time.
4-ESS1-1 - Use evidence from a given landscape that includes simple landforms and rock layers to support a claim about the role of erosion or deposition in the formation of the landscape over long periods of time.
Clarification Statement - Examples of evidence and claims could include rock layers with shell fossils above rock layers with plant fossils and no shells, indicating a change from deposition on land to deposition in water over time; and a canyon with rock layers in the walls and a river in the bottom, indicating that a river eroded the rock over time. Examples of simple landforms can include valleys, hills, mountains, plains, and canyons. Focus should be on relative time.
Assessment Boundary - Specific details of the mechanisms of rock formation or specific rock formations and layers are not expected in state assessment